Get Ready for 2018!
View an introductory webinar about Starting the Summer Meals Program (also known at the Summer Food Service Program, or SFSP) at your library at this here.
Share the Information
Libraries share information, it is what we do. We answer reference questions, maintain a community bulletin board, and engage our community with blogs, Facebooks, twitter and other social media. Libraries share resources including our knowledge – and in doing so strengthen our communities.
No Kid Hungry Share our Strength has posters, flyers, bookmarks, press releases, sample social media posting. You can use the graphic on the left to help promote your library summer food program and inform your community. Learn more…
Libraries who are participating in the summer food program as a site or partnering with a site offered by another agency will receive supporting material.
Questions about the Summer Food Program
adapted from “To Be Well Read, You Must Be Well Fed” Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) Interest Webinar for Libraries
March 23, 2017: Question & Answer Summary
Does site staff serve the food? Or does the sponsor? If library staff serves, are there food handler training requirements?
Meal distribution models vary from sponsor to sponsor –typically, the sponsors deliver the meals and then staff at the physical location work to distribute those meals. Food safety depends on how the meals and snacks are packaged (i.e. whether they shelf-stable or perishable), and your sponsor will train you accordingly.
Is there somewhere online we can go to look at the list of approved sponsors or do we have to contact No Kid Hungry or the VDOE?
Currently, there is not an online list of approved sponsors. Contact Sarah Steely (firstname.lastname@example.org, 570-854-5023) for the full list or to get connected with a sponsor in your area.
Do you recommend registration for summer reading programs to estimate the number of children you may be serving?
Use your best guess –your sponsor is willing and ready to work with you to adjust the meal count as you get a better sense of foot traffic throughout the summer. Do not worry about aiming too high or low to start.
Does the physical location need to be in the approved service area? Or if the library is located in a non-approved area but their larger service area includes schools that are in an approved area, do they qualify?
The physical location determines eligibility. The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) makes the final determination on eligibility matters and can work with you to explore all the eligibility qualification options for your site.
We are from Ohio. Since this is a federally-funded program, what parts of this process is determined federally, and what may vary from state to state?
Congress, USDA, and FNS determine the federal requirements for the program, so the program is mostly consistent across the states (especially at the site level).
If there is leftover food is it placed on a sharing table or disposed of?
Your sponsor can provide their preference for the use of leftovers –in some cases, you can reuse or donate shelf-stable items, and some sponsors prefer the use of a share table. Be sure to work closely with your sponsor to understand both the programmatic protocol, as well as their preferences.
Space is an issue at our library – can we set tables up outside and/or inside?
Yes, absolutely –you can serve meals anywhere, even on picnic blankets!
The Need For Free Summer Meals*
Summer vacation presents a different reality for many children in Virginia. In addition to limited access to summer learning and enrichment programs, many children struggle to have basic needs met, with reduced access to healthy food and safe places to congregate. The intersections between summer health and summer learning and enrichment are great, suggesting that a holistic view of the summer landscape is crucial to understanding existing challenges and opportunities to creating a summer experience in which all children are healthy, active, and engaged.
A 2012 report from the National Summer Learning Association highlights the links between food insecurity, childhood obesity, and the achievement gap: 4
- Food insecurity increases during the summer break without access to the nutrition provided by the National School Lunch Program
- Children may gain two to three times as much weight during the summer than during the school year.
- Low-income youth may fall further behind in academic skills—particularly reading—during the summer break, experiencing greater “summer learning loss” than their higher-income peers and widening the achievement gap.
- Nutrition education interventions that exclusively target the school environment may be less impactful because weight gain happens primarily outside of school.
- Adequate nutrition promotes brain development and improves cognitive functioning, whereas inadequate nutrition is associated with physical and mental health issues, emotional and behavioral problems, learning deficiencies, lower grades, and repeating a grade.
- Children who are well-nourished are likely to have cognitive advantages over children with deficits in this area, and reducing health disparities among lower and higher socioeconomic children can help close the achievement gap.5
Hunger Doesn’t Take a Vacation
The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s summer nutrition programs enable school districts and other eligible community-based organizations to alleviate the summer nutrition gap and offer free, healthy meals to children and youth in their neighborhoods. Yet in 2012, only 2.8 million of the 21 million eligible children in the U.S. participated in a USDA-subsidized summer meal program. In California, only 16% of children who received free or reduced–price lunch during the academic year participated in a summer meal program, leaving a gap unfilled for an estimated two million children and youth.1
The Value of Serving Summer Meals in Libraries
Libraries are natural, yet underutilized, spaces for serving meals to children whose access to lunch disappears when school ends and summer begins.
Libraries are community spaces in the heart of the neighborhood. They welcome all and they provide access, free of charge, to resources that support the community’s lifelong needs. Furthermore, public library summer reading programs encourage and enable children and teens to set reading goals, engage them in activities that extend the reading experience, and connect youth with librarians who can help guide their reading choices and become positive role models and adult influences in their lives.
People trust their local library and feel positively toward it. Recent research from the Pew ResearchCenter2 shows that Americans strongly value the role of public libraries in their communities, both for providing access to materials and resources and for promoting literacy and improving the overall quality of life; most Americans know where their local library is; and most Americans who have used a public library have had positive experiences there.
The Pew Research Center study also states that while most Americans know where their local library is, many are unfamiliar with all the services libraries offer. Lunch at the Library is a great opportunity to introduce families to the library’s services and resources, as well as helping them feel and become healthier..
By serving meals, introducing families to library services, and offering arts, literacy, and STEM programming during the summer, our program is feeding children during the summer, helping prevent summer learning loss, and engaging low-income families with their public library: the one free community space that sustains democracy, levels the playing field, values the individual, nourishes creativity, opens young minds, builds community, supports families, builds technology skills, and offers sanctuary—all free of charge to the user.3
Outcomes and Evaluation
Families who participate in Lunch at the Library also take part in library programs, learn about library services and resources, and have a positive sense of well-being when they are at the library.
Lunch at the Library programs are designed and evaluated according to the Summer Matters Initiative’s Six Signs of a Great Summer Learning Program.
The Lunch at the Library outcomes are:
Participants know that they can get help and essential resources at the library
Participants feel healthy
Add Some Books
Summer Fun Starter Kit Book Collections
First Book and Share Our Strength have teamed up to add a helping of books to the food, friends and fun at summer meal sites this summer. These engaging titles are sure to get kids excited about reading and eating!
There are collections for lower elementary, upper elementary and middle school-aged kids, and you can choose 20 books for $25 or 40 books for $50.
The Library of Virginia continues to partner with the SoHo Foundation to provided a set of books to each library who participates in the USDA summer food program as a site for snack and/or meal.
Virginia Libraries Participating in the 2017 Summer Food Program
For questions regarding the Summer Food Service Program contact:
No Kid Hungry Virginia Program Manager
SITE – Serves the meals, while the SPONSOR – purchases and prepares meals
Our Thanks To
Virginia Department of Education (VDOE)
No Kid Hungry
United State Department of Agriculture – Summer Food Service Program
California Library Association
California Summer Meal Coalition
*Content was created by the California Library Association and California Summer Meal Coalition
1. California Data Source: California Food Policy Advocates, 2012 School’s Out Who Ate Report
2. See http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2013/12/11/libraries-in-communities/.
3. See http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/features/12212010/12-ways-libraries-are-good-country.
4. Basch, C. E. (2011), Healthier Students Are Better Learners: A Missing Link in School Reforms to Close the Achievement Gap. Journal of School Health, 81:593–598. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00632.x.<http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00632.x/pdf>
For more information contact:
Children’s and Youth Services Consultant
Library of Virginia
800 East Broad Street
Richmond, VA 23219